This law adopts a series of provisions of Directive 2014/94/EU of the European Parliament and the Council on the deployment of alternative fuels infrastructure and aims to reduce dependency on oil and to decrease the effect of transportation on the environment. To meet this goal, the law establishes the minimum requirements for the deployment of alternative fuels infrastructure, including recharging points for electric vehicles and refueling points for compressed natural gas (CNG), liquefied petroleum gas (LPG), and hydrogen. It also establishes common technical specifications for the necessary infrastructure, and it mandates that adequate information be provided to the users.
By December 31st, 2020, the regulatory authority intends to deploy a working number of electricity recharging points accessible to the public in some urban and suburban areas and other densely inhabited areas. The number of recharging points for each administrative-territorial unit will be established after consultation and agreement with the local public authorities. The authorities will take into consideration the estimated number of electric vehicles at the end of 2020, as well as the recommendations of the European Commission.
To ensure the electricity supply for seagoing ships or inland waterway vessels, shore-side electric facilities will also be deployed. Shore-side electricity supply facilities will be first installed within the trans-European transport network (TEN-T) ports no later than December 31st, 2015.
By December 31st, 2025, the competent regulatory authority plans to deploy an adequate number of hydrogen refueling points accessible to the public to ensure the circulation on the national road network and at the cross-border connections OF vehicles that run on hydrogen or fuel cell vehicles.
The competent regulatory authority and the Ministry of Transport must also ensure the deployment of a corresponding number of liquefied petroleum gas refueling points in the maritime ports by December 31st, 2015, and by December 31st, 2030, for the interior ports.
If warranted by demand, by December 31st, 2015, the authorities, together with other competent institutions, must ensure the deployment of a sufficient number of liquefied petroleum gas refueling points at reasonable prices along the trans-European transport network for heavy vehicles circulating throughout the European Union.
The authorities must also ensure the necessary legal and technical conditions for a corresponding number of compressed natural gas refueling points accessible to the public for deployment in urban and suburban areas and highly populated areas by December 31, 2020. These CNG refueling points must be deployed at least along the existing trans-European transport network by December 31st, 2025, to make sure that vehicles can run on CNG throughout Europe.
The competent authorities must take necessary measures to ensure that the users are provided with all the relevant information about vehicles that may use the refueling points. This information must be made available to the public in the vehicles’ users manuals, which will be introduced in all the users’ manuals of the vehicles put on the market after May 1st, 2017.
Law no. 34/2017 on the deployment of alternative fuels infrastructure was published in the Official Gazette of Romania no. 214 of March 29th, 2017, and becomes effective 60 days after its publication on May 28th, 2017.